Skin cancer is the #1 most common cancer diagnosed in the United States, with an estimated one in five Americans experience some type of skin cancer in their lifetime. Every year, more and more skin cancers are diagnosed and treated. The key to treatment is early detection through regular skin exams and spot checks.
Skin cancer can affect anyone, regardless of age, sex or skin type; however, those with a history of significant sun exposure or tanning booth usage and those with fair skin and eyes, and women are at a higher risk.
The three most common types of skin cancer are Basal Cell Carcinoma, Squamous Cell Carcinoma, and Melanoma.
- Basal Cell Carcinoma: The most common type of skin cancer and almost exclusively caused by exposure to UV, basal cell carcinoma (‘BCC’), is usually found on sun-exposed areas like the nose, forehead, hands, and neck although it can occur anywhere. BCC is commonly characterized by shiny, smooth, dome-shaped skin growths with blood vessels; however, they can also present as red, scaly patches or even white-yellow growths. BCC’s generally do not heal on their own and may have a crater-like center that bleeds easily.
- Squamous Cell Carcinoma: Also called “SCC”, these skin cancers are also caused by exposure to UV over time and are commonly found on sun-exposed areas like the face, lips, hands, and legs – although they also can be found anywhere on the body. This type of skin cancer can appear as a rough bump on the skin that grows quickly, a non-healing sore or a flat, red, scaly patch that grows.
- Melanoma: A potentially deadly form of skin cancer, melanoma is caused by exposure to UV as well as being passed down through genetics. People at risk for melanoma include those with over 50 moles on their body, a family history of melanoma, history of multiple blistering sunburns and excessive sun exposure or tanning bed use, and those with a history of other cancers like breast or colon. When detected in an early stage, melanoma is easily treated. If the melanoma is extending deep into the tissue or has moved around to other locations in the body, chemotherapy, radiation and other treatments may be used to treat it. Melanomas that spread to distant locations in the body have a 20% five-year survival rate.
For all types of skin cancer, early detection is so important!
Making a yearly skin exam appointment and being diligent about at home skin checks help to identify pre-cancerous and cancerous lesions early when they are easier to treat. Wearing a daily SPF 30, broad-spectrum product as well as sun protective clothing prevents UV rays from penetrating into your skin and causes damage and skin cancer.
If you have a suspicious spot or would like to schedule a skin cancer screen, appointments can be made by contacting our office.
Brooke Moss, PA-C, MPH is a board-certified dermatology Physician Assistant. She is now accepting new patients in our Edina and Downtown Minneapolis locations.